French: Calao rhinocéros German: Rhinozeroshornvogel Spanish: Cálao rinoceronte
Other common names:
Great Rhinoceros Hornbill
India; error = Malacca, West Malaysia
Subspecies and Distribution
B. r. rhinoceros
Linnaeus, 1758 – S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra.
B. r. borneoensis
Schlegel & S. Müller, 1840 – Borneo.
B. r. silvestris
Vieillot, 1816 – Java.
80–90 cm; male 2465–2960 g, female 2040–2330 g. Large mainly black hornbill with white thighs and vent, black band across white tail; bill and casque... read more
A series of short, explosive, resonant “rroh” calls. Pairs also call antiphonally on two... read more
Extensive areas of primary evergreen forest, extending into tall secondary forest; often crosses... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly fruits, especially figs, but also various lipid-rich capsules and drupes; in addition, eats any small animals it can capture, mostly... read more
Lays aseasonally, in Jan, Mar–Jun, Sept and Nov. Indication that sometimes breeds co-operatively, both in wild and in captivity. Nest... read more
Breeding pairs sedentary in many areas; in non-breeding period, may make long movements in search... read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. CITES II. Previously considered Near Threatened. Occurs in several large mainly lowland reserves, including Taman Negara National Park (Malaysia), Gunung Leuser... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!