French: Calao rhinocéros German: Rhinozeroshornvogel Spanish: Cálao rinoceronte
Other common names:
Great Rhinoceros Hornbill
India; error = Malacca, West Malaysia
Subspecies and Distribution
B. r. rhinoceros
Linnaeus, 1758 – S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra.
B. r. borneoensis
Schlegel & S. Müller, 1840 – Borneo.
B. r. silvestris
Vieillot, 1816 – Java.
80–90 cm; male 2465–2960 g, female 2040–2330 g. Large mainly black hornbill with white thighs and vent, black band across white tail; bill and casque... read more
A series of short, explosive, resonant “rroh” calls. Pairs also call antiphonally on two... read more
Extensive areas of primary evergreen forest, extending into tall secondary forest; often crosses... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly fruits, especially figs, but also various lipid-rich capsules and drupes; in addition, eats any small animals it can capture, mostly... read more
Lays aseasonally, in Jan, Mar–Jun, Sept and Nov. Indication that sometimes breeds co-operatively, both in wild and in captivity. Nest... read more
Breeding pairs sedentary in many areas; in non-breeding period, may make long movements in search... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. CITES II. Currently considered Near-threatened. Occurs in several large mainly lowland reserves, including Taman Negara National Park (Malaysia... read more
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