Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Near Threatened

Ring-necked Francolin (Scleroptila streptophora)


French: Francolin à collier German: Kragenfrankolin Spanish: Francolín acollarado

Francolinus streptophorus


, 1891,

Mangiki, Mount Elgon, Kenya


Has been included in genus Dendroperdix. Closely related to S. levaillantii, S. afra and S. finschi. Monotypic.


Four disjunct populations: N Uganda, from Kidepo National Park W to R Nile and S Katonga Valley and at base of Mt Moroto; W Kenya, from S slopes of Mt Elgon to Samia Hills and Nyando Valley; NW Tanzania, in Kibondo and Kasulu districts; and isolated population in highlands of Cameroon. Also recorded in Burundi (Ruvubu National Park) and Rwanda. Report from extreme S South Sudan requires confirmation.

Descriptive notes

c. 33–35 cm; two males 364 g and 406 g. Distinctive black-and-white barring on upper breast extends onto hindneck, with rest of underparts buff marked by dark brown... read more


Poorly known. Territorial call, usually given from slightly elevated perch (e.g. termite mound),... read more


Sparsely vegetated hillsides at 600–1800 m, with thin covering of grass amongst rocks; occurs... read more

Food and feeding

Known to eat insects and seeds and may visit cultivated areas, presumably to feed on weeds, crops and insects. Forages in pairs or small (... read more


Lays during early rains in Apr in N Uganda; in dry season, Dec–Mar, in Kenya. Probably monogamous. Nest a slight hollow with or... read more


Sedentary. Flies very fast, but usually runs into cover when alarmed.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Occurs in suitable habitat throughout an area of c. 216,000 km². Was considered a candidate for inclusion... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Ring-necked Francolin (Scleroptila streptophora). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 10 December 2019).