French: Sterne de rivière German: Hinduseeschwalbe Spanish: Charrán indio
J. E. Gray, 1831,
E Pakistan to S India and E through Nepal to SW China (Yunnan) and Mekong Delta (S Vietnam).
38–46 cm; wingspan 80–85 cm. Typical tern, with black crown and lores and deeply forked tail; darkish grey upperparts; bill somewhat stout, bright yellow; iris... read more
Calls include an emphatic twangy downslurred “kyEEer” and short grating “krree” notes, uttered... read more
Breeds on sandy islands in freshwater lakes and rivers, and rarely estuaries; shuns mainland sites... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly fish, small crustaceans and insects. Usually feeds by plunge-diving. Recorded taking a frog.
One of least studied terns. Breeds mainly Feb–May in dry season, but extreme dates Nov–Jun. First nests often flooded out, and... read more
Mainly a permanent resident, with some short nomadic movements. A few birds winter on seashores of... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened on account of declines in large sectors of its range. Widely distributed in small colonies, but... read more
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