Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Robust Woodpecker (Campephilus robustus)


French: Pic robuste German: Scharlachkopfspecht Spanish: Picamaderos robusto

Picus robustus

M. H. C. Lichtenstein

, 1819,



This species, and all current congeners except C. magellanicus, C. principalis and C. imperialis, formerly placed in genus Phloeoceastes. Exhibits slight increase in size from N to S, but insufficient to warrant separation of any geographical races. Monotypic.


E Brazil (S from S Bahia and E Goiás) S to E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes) and Rio Grande do Sul.

Descriptive notes

32–37 cm; 230–294 g. Large, distinctive woodpecker. Male has small oval black and white spot on lower rear ear-coverts; rest of head, small crest, and neck to... read more


Call “kee” or “kew”, both when perched and in flight; also “ps... read more


Humid forest, araucaria forest; occurs in disturbed forest only if large trees present. Lowlands to... read more

Food and feeding

Beetles, apparently also wood-boring larvae; berries sometimes taken. Singly, or in pairs or family parties; rarely joins mixed-species... read more


Two records, from Oct and Jan, of birds excavating holes 3·5–4·5 m up dead trees in forest clearings; another nest,... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Not uncommon in S of range. Occurs in Caaguazú National Park and Estancia San Antonio Private Nature Reserve (Paraguay), and in neighbouring... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H., Christie, D.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Robust Woodpecker (Campephilus robustus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).