River Ganges between Calcutta and Varanasi and in Vindhyan Hills between Varanasi and Gurra Mundela, India.
Thought to be part of the B. bubo species-group (see that species). Sometimes treated as conspecific with B. bubo; degree of range overlap, if any, with latter uncertain, but some intergradation evident in NW Himalayas#R; the two differ, however, in DNA and voice. A recent molecular study found that present species may possibly be sister to B. africanus#R. Monotypic.
Indian Subcontinent (except Sri Lanka) N to foothills of Himalayas.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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