Family Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Least Concern

Roraiman Nightjar (Setopagis whitelyi)


French: Engoulevent du Roraima German: Roraimanachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras del Roraima

Antrostomus whitelyi


, 1885,

Mount Roraima, Venezuela


Formerly thought to be closely related to, and even conspecific with, Nyctipolus nigrescens (both then placed in genus Caprimulgus), but the two differ significantly in voice#R and, moreover, recent genetic study found them not to be part of same lineage#R. Monotypic.


Pantepui of SE Venezuela (known only from Cerros Roraima, Ptari-tepui, Jaua, Urutaní, Duida and Guiaiquinima#R) and Guyana (Kopinang)#R, and possibly also adjacent areas of N Brazil.

Descriptive notes

21–22 cm; male 30–40 g, ­female 45–48 g. No other dark nightjar in range has uniform buff undertail-coverts (which character is apparent even in... read more


Recently sound-recorded for first time, in Guyana, where in Jul the birds sang briefly around dawn... read more


Apparently confined to humid, forested slopes and summits of tepuis (tabletop mountains),... read more

Food and feeding

Probably feeds on insects. Foraging methods not described.


First breeding data published recently. In S Venezuela, around El Paují, breeds in Mar–Apr. Nest-site on ground, amid small... read more


None recorded. Sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Tepuis EBA. Previously considered Near Threatened. Probably not very common within its restricted and remote... read more

Recommended citation

Cleere, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Roraiman Nightjar (Setopagis whitelyi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).