Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Rose-crowned Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus regina)


French: Ptilope à diadème German: Königsfruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo reina

Ptilinopus purpuratus var. Regina


, 1825,

New South Wales, Australia


Belongs to the large species-group centred on P. purpuratus (which see); no obvious close relations. Precise limits of some races uncertain, and internal taxonomy may require reappraisal. Five subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. r. xanthogaster (Wagler, 1827) – Grey-capped Fruit-dove – S Moluccas (Banda, Kai Is), E Lesser Sundas (Damar, Teun, Nila, Sermata, Babar, Tanimbar Is) and Aru Is.
  • P. r. roseipileum E. J. O. Hartert, 1904 – E Timor, Wetar, Romang, Kisar, Leti and Moa.
  • P. r. flavicollis Bonaparte, 1855 – WC Lesser Sundas: Flores, Sawu, Roti, Semau and (possibly only W) Timor.
  • P. r. ewingii Gould, 1842 – N Australia from Kimberley region E to N Northern Territory and Melville I.
  • P. r. regina Swainson, 1825 – Rose-crowned Fruit-dove – islands in Torres Strait and E Australia, from Cape York S to NE New South Wales (Port Stephens area). Vagrant from Port Stephens S to Tasmania.
  • Descriptive notes

    22–24 cm; 85–125 g. Forehead and forecrown deep pink to mauve-red, narrowly bordered yellow; chin and throat cream to yellow; rest of head and neck greenish grey... read more


    Advertising call is surprisingly loud; it begins with a slow, repeated 'hook-coo' and then... read more


    Inhabits a variety of forest types, including rain forest, gallery forest, monsoon forest and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Frugivorous; takes a wide variety of fruits; Laurels (Lauraceae) are important components of diet in those forests in which they are... read more


    At Richmond R, New South Wales (nominate regina), season mid-Oct to Feb, the period of greatest local fruit abundance, while nest... read more


    Appears to be semi-migratory in Australia; regularly present in N Queensland Jun–Sept (... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Remains common in many areas; some populations are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation. Locally common in lowland habitats... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Rose-crowned Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus regina). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 November 2019).