Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Near Threatened

Roviana Rail (Hypotaenidia rovianae)


French: Râle roviana German: Rovianaralle Spanish: Rascón roviana

Gallirallus rovianae


, 1991,

near Munda, New Georgia, Solomon Islands


Sometimes placed in Rallus or Gallirallus. May be closely related to H. owstoni and H. philippensis. Birds from Kolombangara are distinctive#R, and almost certainly represent a separate race, or possibly even a species; further study required. Currently treated as monotypic.


C Solomon Is: on Kolombangara, Wana Wana, Kohinggo, New Georgia and Rendova.

Descriptive notes

30 cm. During many years known only from the holotype, sex and age unknown, but apparently fully grown. Medium-sized rail, flightless or nearly so, but with long tail;... read more


Call said to be rapidly repeated high-pitched note, which has given rise to its Roviana name “... read more


Described as occurring in forest, especially second growth, where young trees grow on abandoned... read more

Food and feeding

Said to be omnivorous, taking worms, small crabs, seeds, coconut shoots, and potatoes and taro from gardens.


Reported to breed in dry season, Jun, when rainwater is not a problem on forest floor. Nest said to be depression in the ground, lined with... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Listed distribution mainly based on reports by local people on the islands concerned; in 1994 sighted on... read more

Recommended citation

Taylor, B. (2019). Roviana Rail (Hypotaenidia rovianae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 November 2019).