Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)


French: Colibri à gorge rubis German: Rubinkehlkolibri Spanish: Colibrí gorjirrubí

Trochilus Colubris


, 1758,

South Carolina, USA


Closely related to A. alexandri; some authors consider both to be close to Calypte costae. Monotypic.


S Canada (C Alberta E to Nova Scotia) and C & E USA (North Dakota E to Maine, and S to S Texas and Florida. Winters from C Mexico to W Panama, and in small numbers also in SE USA (S Florida).

Descriptive notes

9 cm; male 3 g, female 3·3 g. Small hummingbird, with long, thin dark bill. Male has upperparts iridescent green; white postocular spot; black line from lores back... read more


Song a repeated, faint, insect-like, high-pitched sputtering rattle (of 4–10 notes). Display-flight... read more


Breeding habitat deciduous and mixed forest, parklands, second growth woodlands and gardens to 1500... read more

Food and feeding

Flowers of c. 30 species of plants have been identified as being used as temperate region nectar sources, most of which are red or orange... read more


Male arrives on breeding territory from early Apr (S) to late May (N), 5–7 days prior to female; nesting normally lasts until Jul,... read more


Migratory, wintering in C Mexico S to W Panama, and also in S Florida (USA); arrives on breeding... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. US National Breeding Bird Survey data show no significant range-wide, long-term change (1966–1994) in populations.... read more

Recommended citation

Rappole, J.H., Christie, D.A. & Boesman, P. (2020). Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).