Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Ruby-topaz Hummingbird (Chrysolampis mosquitus)


French: Colibri rubis-topaze German: Moskitokolibri Spanish: Colibrí rubí

Trochilus Mosquitus


, 1758,



The taxon “C. chlorolaema”, based on a specimen supposedly from Bahia (E Brazil), is generally considered to represent a hybrid between present species and Anthracothorax nigricollis#R. Monotypic.


E Panama and W, N & C Colombia E through Venezuela to the Guianas, then S through NE & C Brazil (Pará to Pernambuco and S to Mato Grosso) to E Bolivia; also islands off N Venezuela coast from Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire E to Trinidad and Tobago.

Descriptive notes

8–9·5 cm; 2·5–5 g. Male has short straight black bill; crown and nape shining ruby red (occasionally orange), back dark brown glossed dull olive;... read more


Song (given from high perch) is reportedly a high-pitched, doubled “tliii...tliii...tliii... read more


Occurs in savanna-like vegetation (including campos rupestres) and its edges from sea-... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of flowering shrubs, cultivated crops, cacti, small and large trees: Russelia, Cajanus, Isertia, ... read more


Season Dec–Jun on Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, Guianas; Sept–Mar in Brazil. Tiny cup-shaped nest of fine plant fibre and... read more


Migratory. Arrives in S Cauca Valley, Colombia, in May and disappears in Sept; absent or rare in... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common resident in the lowlands and coastal ranges, with densities of at least 6–8 pairs/km² in shrub-like... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Ruby-topaz Hummingbird (Chrysolampis mosquitus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 June 2019).