Family Cisticolas and allies (Cisticolidae)

Least Concern

Rudd's Apalis (Apalis ruddi)


French: Apalis de Rudd German: Flechtenfeinsänger Spanish: Apalis de Rudd

Apalis ruddi

C. H. B. Grant

, 1908,

Coguno, Inhambane District, Mozambique


Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. r. caniviridis Hanmer, 1979 – lower R Shire Valley, S Malawi.
  • A. r. ruddi C. H. B. Grant, 1908 – S Mozambique between R Save and R Nkomati.
  • A. r. fumosa Clancey, 1966 – extreme S Mozambique (Maputo), E Swaziland and E South Africa (N KwaZulu-Natal).
  • Descriptive notes

    11–12 cm; male 10–11 g, female 9–10 g. A dark-eyed apalis with narrow whitish supercilium and black breastband, tail graduated. Male nominate race has crown... read more


    Male song, often from conspicuous perch, a loud, rather dry “trrt trrt trrt…”, repeated 5–15... read more


    Sand forest, riverine thickets and tangled cover, dense acacia (Acacia) thickets and dense... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet of small insects, including caterpillars (Lepidoptera) and other larvae; also small flower buds and nectar. Forages by gleaning from... read more


    Sept–Jan. Probably monogamous; solitary, with nests c. 80 m apart along a riparian corridor; territorial. In courtship display, a... read more


    Resident; some local dispersal. One retrapped at same location in S Malawi after 7 years.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in South-East African Coast EBA. Listed as “near-threatened” in South Africa and Swaziland because it is intolerant... read more

    Recommended citation

    Ryan, P. (2019). Rudd's Apalis (Apalis ruddi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 September 2019).