French: Marouette brune German: Zimtsumpfhuhn Spanish: Polluela pechirrufa
Subspecies and Distribution
Z. f. erythrothorax
(Temminck & Schlegel, 1849) – Russian Far East, Korea#R#R, Japan, and E & S China; N populations winter to S.
Z. f. phaeopyga
(Stejneger, 1887) – Ryukyu Is; birds from Taiwan sometimes assigned to this race#R#R.
Z. f. zeylonica
(E. C. S. Baker, 1927) – W India and Sri Lanka.
Z. f. bakeri
(E. J. O. Hartert, 1917) – Pakistan and N India E to SC China (SW Sichuan, SW Yunnan) and Indochina.
Z. f. fusca
(Linnaeus, 1766) – Philippines and Malay Peninsula to Greater Sundas (in Borneo, mainly in E), Sulawesi and Lesser Sundas (Bali, Sumba, Flores).
21–23 cm; unsexed 51·5–63·7 g, one female 78·2 g. Sexes alike but female generally paler, with whiter throat. Z. paykulli similar in... read more
Usually silent, but in early morning and evening during breeding season utters hard “tewk” or “kyot... read more
Reedy swamps, marshes and stream banks, reedbeds, wet grassland at edges of lakes, ditches and... read more
Food and feeding
Eats molluscs, aquatic insects and their larvae, seeds, and shoots of marsh plants. Probably feeds mainly in cover; occasionally ventures... read more
Kashmir and NW Pakistan, Jun–Aug; Bengal and NE Pakistan, Jun–Sept; Japan, Mar–Sept; Philippines Aug–Sept; Sumatra... read more
Largely resident, but migratory in some regions. Status of some populations unclear, especially on... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Extremely shy and difficult to flush, thus poorly known, but formerly considered common to abundant over much of its range. Currently... read more
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