Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Ruddy Ground-dove (Columbina talpacoti)


Taxonomy

French: Colombe rousse German: Rosttäubchen Spanish: Columbina colorada
Taxonomy:

Columba Talpacoti

Temminck

, 1810,

#R South America

.

Formerly placed in genus Columbigallina. Closely related to C. buckleyi (which see). Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. t. eluta (Bangs, 1901) – Pacific coast of Mexico from N Sinaloa S to Chiapas.
  • C. t. rufipennis (Bonaparte, 1855) – EC Mexico S through Central America to Colombia and N Venezuela (including Margarita I), and Trinidad and Tobago.
  • C. t. caucae (Chapman, 1915) – Cauca Valley of W Colombia.
  • C. t. talpacoti (Temminck, 1810) – E Ecuador and N & E Peru E to the Guianas, and S through Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil (S to Rio Grande do Sul) to Uruguay and N Argentina (S to Buenos Aires); occasional non-breeding visitor to C Chile, including Lake District.
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 15–18 cm, 40–56·5 g; female 14–18 cm, 35–51 g. Forehead, crown and nape grey; face and throat pinkish; rest of plumage pinkish chestnut;... read more

    Voice

    Song is a series of evenly-spaced, low-pitched cooing notes at a rate of c. 1.0-1.3 notes per... read more

    Habitat

    Prefers humid areas; lightly wooded semi-open country, riparian thickets, marshes, scrubby second... read more

    Food and feeding

    In one detailed study in Brazil, found to eat seeds of range 2–15 mm in length; main food items were seeds of the introduced grass... read more

    Breeding

    In Trinidad, and probably El Salvador and Brazil, breeds in all months; Jan–Sept in Costa Rica; Apr–Nov in Colombia. In one... read more

    Movements

    Resident throughout much of its range, although apparently undertakes irregular movements to SW USA... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common to abundant in Colombia, but local in Amazonia, where probably expanding range as result of forest destruction; common to fairly common in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Bonan, A. & Boesman, P. (2018). Ruddy Ground-dove (Columbina talpacoti). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54215 on 22 July 2018).