Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Ruddy Ground-dove (Columbina talpacoti)


French: Colombe rousse German: Rosttäubchen Spanish: Columbina colorada

Columba Talpacoti


, 1810,

#R South America


Formerly placed in genus Columbigallina. Closely related to C. buckleyi (which see). Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. t. eluta (Bangs, 1901) – Pacific coast of Mexico from N Sinaloa S to Chiapas.
  • C. t. rufipennis (Bonaparte, 1855) – EC Mexico S through Central America to Colombia and N Venezuela (including Margarita I), and Trinidad and Tobago.
  • C. t. caucae (Chapman, 1915) – Cauca Valley of W Colombia.
  • C. t. talpacoti (Temminck, 1810) – E Ecuador and N & E Peru E to the Guianas, and S through Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil (S to Rio Grande do Sul) to Uruguay and N Argentina (S to Buenos Aires); occasional non-breeding visitor to C Chile, including Lake District.
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 15–18 cm, 40–56·5 g; female 14–18 cm, 35–51 g. Forehead, crown and nape grey; face and throat pinkish; rest of plumage pinkish chestnut;... read more


    Song is a series of evenly-spaced, low-pitched cooing notes at a rate of c. 1.0-1.3 notes per... read more


    Prefers humid areas; lightly wooded semi-open country, riparian thickets, marshes, scrubby second... read more

    Food and feeding

    In one detailed study in Brazil, found to eat seeds of range 2–15 mm in length; main food items were seeds of the introduced grass... read more


    In Trinidad, and probably El Salvador and Brazil, breeds in all months; Jan–Sept in Costa Rica; Apr–Nov in Colombia. In one... read more


    Resident throughout much of its range, although apparently undertakes irregular movements to SW USA... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common to abundant in Colombia, but local in Amazonia, where probably expanding range as result of forest destruction; common to fairly common in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Bonan, A., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Ruddy Ground-dove (Columbina talpacoti). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).