Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


Ruddy Pigeon (Patagioenas subvinacea)


French: Pigeon vineux German: Purpurtaube Spanish: Paloma vinosa

Chloroenas subvinacea


, 1868,

Dota, Costa Rica


Forms a species-group with P. plumbea, P. nigrirostris and P. goodsoni; all four small species have very similar songs distinct from other Patagioenas; sometimes placed in a subgenus Oenoenas. Some taxonomic confusion with P. plumbea; race bogotensis of P. plumbea previously applied to present species, embracing Amazonian populations from Colombia S to Bolivia; validity and ranges of several subspecies unclear#R. Races berlepschi and purpureotincta have both been considered distinct species#R. Nine subspecies tentatively recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. s. subvinacea (Lawrence, 1868) – subtropical zone of Costa Rica and Panama.
  • P. s. berlepschi (E. J. O. Hartert, 1898) – Pacific coast from SE Panama and Colombia to SW Ecuador and NW Peru (Tumbes).
  • P. s. ruberrima (Meyer de Schauensee, 1950) – Sinú Valley (NC Colombia).
  • P. s. zuliae (Cory, 1915) – NE Colombia and W Venezuela.
  • P. s. peninsularis (Chapman, 1915) – Paria Peninsula (NE Venezuela).
  • P. s. anolaimae (C. Chubb, 1917) – C Colombia (Cauca and Magdalena Valleys).
  • P. s. ogilviegranti (C. Chubb, 1917) – SE Colombia through E Ecuador and E Peru to N & E Bolivia.
  • P. s. purpureotincta (Ridgway, 1888) – S & E Venezuela and the Guianas to NE Amazonian Brazil (W to R Negro).
  • P. s. recondita (Todd, 1937) – C Amazonian Brazil (S of R Amazon, from R Madeira E to R Purus).
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 27–32·5 cm, 180 g; female 30–32 cm, 164 g. Very similar in appearance to P. plumbea, but smaller; general colour more reddish to purplish;... read more


    Song is a repeated rhythmic phrase of four rather high-pitched coos "", with the... read more


    In Costa Rica, frequents canopy in medium to high altitude forests; also forest edge and secondary... read more

    Food and feeding

    Eats fruits off trees, e.g. Cecropia; also feeds on fruits of epiphytes and mistletoe. Generally seen as singles, pairs or groups... read more


    Recorded Apr–Jun and Aug in Colombia. Builds a platform nest of coarse sticks 5 m above the ground. Clutch 1 white egg. No further... read more


    In Costa Rica, descends from highlands above 1500 m down to 900 m in non-breeding season, notably... read more

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Widespread and fairly common throughout South America; less numerous in Panama north of Darién and Costa Rica. Status poorly documented, perhaps because... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Ruddy Pigeon (Patagioenas subvinacea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).