Family Tityras and allies (Tityridae)

Least Concern

Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher (Terenotriccus erythrurus)


French: Barbichon rougequeue German: Rotschwanzbekarde Spanish: Mosquerito colirrojo

M[yiobius]. erythrurus


, 1847,



Validity of many races doubtful, and signatus, purusianus and amazonus perhaps better merged with brunneifrons; further work required on internal taxonomy. Eight subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. e. fulvigularis (Salvin & Godman, 1889) – SE Mexico (from Tabasco, S Campeche and NE Chiapas), N Guatemala and Belize S to Panama, N & W Colombia and NW Ecuador (NW Azuay), and locally in N Venezuela.
  • T. e. venezuelensis J. T. Zimmer, 1939 – S & SE Venezuela (Amazonas, W & S Bolívar) and immediately adjacent E Colombia (R Guainía) and extreme NW Brazil (upper R Negro).
  • T. e. erythrurus (Cabanis, 1847) – E Venezuela (E Bolívar), the Guianas and NE Brazil (R Negro E to Amapá).
  • T. e. signatus J. T. Zimmer, 1939 – E Colombia S to E Ecuador, E Peru (N of R Marañón) and locally NW Brazil (NW Amazonas S to R Solimões, E to R Japurá).
  • T. e. brunneifrons Hellmayr, 1927 – E Peru (S of R Marañón), adjacent SW Brazil and NW & C Bolivia.
  • T. e. purusianus (Parkes & Panza, 1993) – middle R Purus region of W Brazil.
  • T. e. amazonus J. T. Zimmer, 1939 – C Brazil S of Amazon (lower R Tefé and R Purus E to R Tapajós, S along R Madeira to region of mouth of R Jiparaná).
  • T. e. hellmayri (E. Snethlage, 1907) – NE Brazil along lower R Tocantins E to Maranhão.
  • Descriptive notes

    9–10·3 cm; male 7 g, female 6 g. Small flycatcher, rufous overall, with unusually large black eyes, short bill, peaked crown, prominent rictal bristles. Nominate race... read more


    Often quiet but does vocalize throughout day. Call, often repeated at dawn, a high, thin and rather... read more


    Lower and middle levels of terra firme, várzea and secondary forest; also... read more

    Food and feeding

    Small insects, especially homopteran bugs. Analysis of 47 prey items taken from stomachs in SE Peru gave: Homoptera (planthoppers 96%);... read more


    Mar–May in Costa Rica and Feb–Aug in NW Colombia. Nest built by female, an elongated pear-shaped pouch, “visor” protecting side... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally common. Occurs in many national parks and other protected areas within its relatively large range. Numbers reduced wherever... read more

    Recommended citation

    Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. (2019). Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher (Terenotriccus erythrurus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 June 2019).