Brazil; error = Lima, Peru.
Hitherto treated as conspecific with M. fasciatus and M. crypterythrus, but differs from latter in characters given under that species, and from former in its pale rufous unstreaked vs brown-streaked breast (3); pale rufous vs buffy throat and belly (3); and structurally different daytime song (with usually two birds in asynchronous duet), trill seemingly lacking an initial long note (at least 1) and number of notes on average higher (at least 1)#R. Monotypic.
Coastal W Peru (S from Lambayeque) and extreme N Chile (W Arica).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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