Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Rufous-backed Inca-finch (Incaspiza personata)


French: Incaspize costumé German: Rotmantel-Kaktustangare Spanish: Incaspiza dorsirrufo

Haemophila personata


, 1895,

near Cajamarca, 10,000 feet [c. 3050 m], Peru


See I. pulchra. Monotypic.


Upper Marañón Valley in S Cajamarca, E La Libertad, NE Ancash and W Huánuco, in NW Peru.

Descriptive notes

16·5–18 cm; 29·5–33 g. A rather long-tailed finch with slim, pointed bill. Has grey head, browner on nape, with blackish mask fully surrounding bill, extending narrowly to... read more


Song a weak and high “tisew-ti’tswéé?”. Calls include high “tseet” notes.


Inhabits dry mountain slopes with cacti and agave and with Puya raimondii; occurs at 2300–... read more

Food and feeding

Little information on diet. Forages on ground, singly and in pairs.


Males in breeding condition between late Mar and Jun, and fledglings found in May. No other information.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Marañón Valley EBA and Peruvian High Andes EBA. Uncommon. Not well known.

Recommended citation

Jaramillo, A. (2020). Rufous-backed Inca-finch (Incaspiza personata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).