Family Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Least Concern

Rufous-bellied Nighthawk (Lurocalis rufiventris)


French: Engoulevent à ventre roux German: Andennachtschwalbe Spanish: Añapero ventrirrufo

Lurocalis rufiventris


, 1884,



Formerly considered conspecific with L. semitorquatus, to which probably closely related. Monotypic.


Sierra de Perijá, on Colombia–Venezuela border; Andes from W Venezuela to SW Colombia, and S through C Ecuador and Peru to W Bolivia.

Descriptive notes

25–25·5 cm; 115·7 g (male). Sexes similar; wingtips project well beyond tip of tail. Upperparts dark brown, speckled and spotted rufous and buff, no... read more


Call is a series of evenly pitched or descending “kwa” notes, given in flight; also... read more


Montane rainforest, cloudforest, second-growth forest and forest edge, at 1650–3000 m.

Food and feeding

Feeds on insects. Foraging methods not documented.


Breeding habits not documented. Breeds from late Mar in Colombia; no other data.


Sedentary and possibly partially nomadic. Specimens have been taken in Brazil, but further data not... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Widely distributed in suitable habitat along Andes, but uncommon and local, often remaining undetected in areas with little or no ornithological... read more

Recommended citation

Cleere, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Rufous-bellied Nighthawk (Lurocalis rufiventris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).