Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Rufous-breasted Chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca rufipectoralis)


Taxonomy

French: Pitajo à poitrine rousse German: Orangebrust-Schmätzertyrann Spanish: Pitajo pechirrufo
Taxonomy:

F[luvicola]. rufi-pectoralis

d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye

, 1837,

Ayopayo, Cochabamba, Bolivia

.

Internal taxonomy uncertain owing to remoteness of Andean valleys inhabited, and inadequate documentation of extent and frequency of intermediates; in S of range, variation from centralis to tectricialis and nominate appears clinal; current treatment maintained pending further study. Seven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. r. poliogastra Salvin & Godman, 1880 – Santa Marta Mts, in N Colombia.
  • O. r. rubicundula Wetmore, 1946 – Sierra de Perijá, on Colombia–Venezuela border.
  • O. r. rufopectus (Lesson, 1844) – E Andes of Colombia.
  • O. r. obfuscata J. T. Zimmer, 1942 – C & W Andes of Colombia S to N Peru (Piura, Cajamarca, Amazonas, possibly NW San Martín).
  • O. r. centralis Hellmayr, 1927 – NC Peru (S La Libertad, Ancash, Huánuco).
  • O. r. tectricialis Chapman, 1921 – SC Peru (Pasco S to C Cuzco).
  • O. r. rufipectoralis (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) – SE Peru (SE Cuzco, N Puno) and W Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba, W Santa Cruz).
  • Descriptive notes

    13–14 cm; 13 g. Distinctive. Nominate race has head sooty brown, conspicuous white frontal band and long broad supercilium; upperparts brown or sooty brown; wings and... read more

    Voice

    Song an abrupt “tjrt-tjrrrrt-tjt-trrrt”, “chic-chic-chica” or “ch-... read more

    Habitat

    Borders of open cloudforest and humid montane and Polylepis forests, often along roads;... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Usually found singly or in pairs, and sometimes accompanies mixed flocks; often highly territorial. Perches conspicuously in alert... read more

    Breeding

    Jan–Sept in Colombia; juvenile in Apr in Ecuador; nest in Oct (Puno) and juvenile in Nov (Huánuco) in Peru. Nest a moss cup on... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common. In Ecuador, less abundant on W Andean slopes than on E ones. Occurs in most national parks within its range, but not in wettest zones... read more

    Recommended citation

    Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G. (2019). Rufous-breasted Chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca rufipectoralis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57403 on 22 April 2019).