Colombia [= “Bogota”].
Closest to L. taczanowskii. Birds from extreme NE of range described as race venezuelanus, but indistinguishable from populations farther S. Monotypic.
Locally in extreme SW Venezuela (Táchira), W, C & E Andes of Colombia (S Antioquia and Cundinamarca S to W Caquetá), E Andes of Ecuador and extreme N Peru (E Piura, W Cajamarca).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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