Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Rufous-breasted Leaftosser (Sclerurus scansor)


French: Sclérure à poitrine rousse German: Schuppenkehl-Laubwender Spanish: Tirahojas ogarití

Oxypyga scansor


, 1835,

Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, Brazil


In traditional classifications often placed next to S. caudacutus, on basis of similarity of throat patterns, but other plumage details and biogeography suggest that present species is sister to S. albigularis, a conclusion supported by recent phylogenetic analysis#R. Until recently, included S. cearensis as a race (see below). Monotypic.


C, CE & SE Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás and Minas Gerais S to Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones).

Descriptive notes

17·5–20·1 cm; 30–41 g. Rather large Sclerurus having pale throat and contrasting breast. Face is mainly dark brownish, grizzled; malar area... read more


Sharp, metallic, descending trill lasting 2–3 seconds, sometimes ending in chatter, “... read more


Tropical lowland and montane evergreen forest, occasionally extending into mature secondary... read more

Food and feeding

Invertebrates, including spiders, beetles and hemipterans based on analysis of a tiny number of stomachs of collected birds. Usually seen... read more


Season probably during austral spring-summer; eggs in Aug, and birds in breeding condition in Sept and Dec. Presumably monogamous. Nest-... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Rare to locally fairly common. In Brazil, fairly common in Serra dos Órgãos National Park; rare in Augusto Ruschi... read more

Recommended citation

Remsen, J.V., Jr & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Rufous-breasted Leaftosser (Sclerurus scansor). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).