Family New World Quails (Odontophoridae)

Near Threatened

Rufous-breasted Wood-quail (Odontophorus speciosus)


French: Tocro à poitrine rousse German: Rotbrustwachtel Spanish: Corcovado pechirrufo

Odontophorus speciosus


, 1843,



Sometimes considered conspecific with O. erythrops, O. hyperythrus and O. melanonotus. Possibly most closely related to O. hyperythrus. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. s. soderstromii Lönnberg & Rendahl, 1922 – extreme S Colombia (SE Nariño)#R and E & S Ecuador.
  • O. s. speciosus Tschudi, 1843 – N & C Peru (Amazonas S to Ayacucho).
  • O. s. loricatus Todd, 1932 – SE Peru (Cuzco) to Bolivia (E to Santa Cruz).
  • Descriptive notes

    24–28 cm; estimated weight of male 332 g, of female 302 g. Breast and belly rufous-chestnut; crown dark brown, bordered by black on sides of head and neck, and on... read more


    Advertising call is similar to, but higher-pitched than, that of allopatric O. melanonotus... read more


    Tropical and subtropical lowland forest, mainly at elevations between 800 m and 1750 m, but... read more

    Food and feeding

    No information available, but presumed to be much like other Odontophorus.


    No specific information available, other than that the eggs are unmarked white and at least one clutch numbered five.


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Very little information available; total population might number over 500,000 birds, and possibly stable.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Carroll, J.P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Rufous-breasted Wood-quail (Odontophorus speciosus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 February 2020).