Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Rufous-browed Chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca superciliosa)


French: Pitajo à sourcils roux German: Rötelbrauen-Schmätzertyrann Spanish: Pitajo cejirrojo

Ochthoëca superciliosa

P. L. Sclater and Salvin

, 1871,

páramos of Mérida, Venezuela


Hitherto treated as conspecific with O. fumicolor, but differs in its broad rufous vs narrower whitish supercilium (3); single vs double wingbar (3); darker crown and upperparts (1); richer rufous underparts (ns[1]); smaller size than adjacent fumicolor (shorter wing, effect size −2.23, score 2). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Andes of W Venezuela (Trujillo, Mérida, N Táchira).

Descriptive notes

14·5–16 cm; 14–15 g. Flat-headed, with short, thin-based bill. Upperparts brown, with long bright rufous supercilium that broadens rearwards and contrasting with dark head-... read more


At dawn, pairs sing a rhythmic duet “plee, pliter’ter, phl’ter’tew”, chattering, up to 12 phrases,... read more


Mainly inhabits timberline scrub, Stevia lucida copses, open páramo with ... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, but no details. Usually singly, or pair-members widely scattered; often territorial, assuming prominent perches atop bushes or... read more


Nest and eggs in mid Mar in Venezuela, with other specimens collected there in breeding condition in same month. One nest a rabbit-fur-... read more


Resident; some seasonal or local altitudinal movement suspected because of records at lower... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Considered common and population believed to be stable within its comparatively small range, estimated at 12,600 km².

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Rufous-browed Chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca superciliosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).