Family Thrushes (Turdidae)


Rufous-brown Solitaire (Cichlopsis leucogenys)


French: Grive roux-brun German: Rostrückenklarino Spanish: Solitario ocre brasileño

C[ichlopsis]. leucogenys


, 1851,



Hitherto treated as conspecific with C. peruviana, C. gularis and C. chubbi; for differences, see last two species. Monotypic.


E Brazil (Bahia, Espírito Santo).

Descriptive notes

20–21 cm; 45–61 g. Rather featureless thrush. Nominate race is rufous-brown all over, shading buffier on breast and then paler and greyer on belly, with dull buff... read more


Song, apparently very seasonal, and mainly early in morning, a series of complex, rapid, variable... read more


Humid and wet, typically mossy lower montane (foothill) forest and dense second growth; mainly 500... read more

Food and feeding

Fruit; presumably some invertebrates. Alternates periods of quiet perching with bouts of active foraging at fruiting trees and shrubs,... read more


Jun–Jul in Colombia. Nest (Colombia) 5 m up in dense second growth on edge of small forest clearing; cup nest in fork of branch in... read more


Possibly some local movements. In Ecuador, record at Playa de Oro (Esmeraldas) in Feb was... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Formerly considered Near-threatened, and possibly merits re-listing as such. Remarkable distribution and very small range of each race indicate a... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2019). Rufous-brown Solitaire (Cichlopsis leucogenys). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2019).