Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Rufous-capped Thornbill (Chalcostigma ruficeps)


Taxonomy

French: Métallure à tête rousse German: Kastanienkappen-Glanzschwänzchen Spanish: Colibrí capirrufo
Taxonomy:

Trochilus (——?) ruficeps

Gould

, 1846,

Bolivia

.

Previously placed in genus Metallura; alternatively, has been separated in monotypic genus Selatopogon. Birds of Ecuador have been described as a geographical race, aureofastigatum, but this variation now shown to be one extreme of a clinal character progression involving coloration of ornamental throat feathers. Monotypic.

Distribution:

E slope of Andes of SE Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe) through Peru to WC Bolivia (Yungas of Cochabamba). Single record from Pan de Azúcar, in C Andes of Colombia, where status uncertain.

Descriptive notes

10·5 cm; 3·3–3·9 g. Male has short, straight, black bill; upperparts bottle-green, underparts rufous mottled green, especially at sides; crown... read more

Voice

Poorly known. Calls include a short  dry double rattle “trr-trr” repeated at intervals, and a... read more

Habitat

From humid second growth and riparian thickets to borders and glades in humid montane forest and... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on nectar of Melastomataceae flowers (Miconia, Tibouchina), Vallea stipularis and Fuchsia canescens... read more

Breeding

Dec–Mar in Bolivia. Enlarged gonads in Aug in Bolivia, Jul–Oct in Peru. Clutch two white eggs; incubation by female.

Movements

No information; possibly undertakes seasonal altitudinal movements. Individuals recorded at Pan... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Generally uncommon. Apparently less sensitive to man-induced environmental changes than other Chalcostigma species, since also... read more

Recommended citation

Heindl, M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Rufous-capped Thornbill (Chalcostigma ruficeps). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55619 on 26 June 2019).