Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Rufous Casiornis (Casiornis rufus)


French: Casiorne roux German: Zimtrücken-Röteltyrann Spanish: Burlisto castaño

Thamnophilus rufus


, 1816,

Río Plata, Paraguay


Sometimes treated as conspecific with C. fuscus (but see below). Monotypic.


N & E Bolivia (SE from Beni and La Paz), SC Brazil (S Mato Grosso E to N Goiás and C Minas Gerais, S to Mato Grosso do Sul and São Paulo; recently reported from SW Rio Grande do Sul#R), Paraguay and N Argentina (S to Tucumán, E Chaco and N Corrientes). Also small numbers N to NE Brazil (Maranhão, S Amapá) and W to SE Peru (N to Junín at R Ene) during austral winter.

Descriptive notes

18 cm; 22–27 g. Plumage is uniform rufous above, somewhat duller on back; throat and breast cinnamon, whitish tinge on mid-throat, belly pale buffy yellowish; iris dark... read more


Surprisingly quiet; sometimes brief, weak “psee” note, occasionally extended into short series.


Deciduous and gallery woodland, more heavily wooded cerrado, Chaco woodland and scrub;... read more

Food and feeding

Perches erect and alert, with crown feathers often raised into bushy crest; sometimes nods head in manner of Myiarchus. No other... read more


Breeding dates unpublished. Two nests in tree cavity, c. 1·2 and 1·5 m above ground. No other information.


Little information. Records from Peru and across C Brazil N to Amazon probably relate to austral... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common. Much of this species’ preferred habitat has been converted for agricultural use and eucalypt (Eucalyptus... read more

Recommended citation

Scholes, E. (2019). Rufous Casiornis (Casiornis rufus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).