Family Vireos (Vireonidae)

Least Concern

Rufous-crowned Greenlet (Hylophilus poicilotis)


French: Viréon oreillard German: Rostkappenvireo Spanish: Verdillo coronado

Hylophilus poicilotis


, 1822,

Ypanema, São Paulo, Brazil


Formerly treated as conspecific with H. amaurocephalus, with which partly sympatric, but appears to be clearly differentiated by plumage, eye colour, vocalizations and habitat preference. Previously reported hybridization between the two explained as being due to presence of a “residual cline” that reflects geographical variation of the ancestor. Monotypic.


SE Brazil (S Mato Grosso do Sul E to Espírito Santo, S to Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and N Argentina (Misiones).

Descriptive notes

12·5 cm; 9–12 g. Crown is bright chestnut-brown, contrasting with olive-green back and shoulders, lower back and rump brighter green; flight-feathers dull greyish-black... read more


Song by male a simple series of high notes, "sweet-sweet-sweet-sweet", ending on higher pitch;... read more


Canopy of humid or fairly humid forest, woodland, tall second growth; apparently absent from pure... read more

Food and feeding

Food mostly invertebrates; also some vegetable matter, e.g. fruit of Trichilia chausseni (Meliaceae), sometimes in large quantity... read more


One individual carrying green moss at end of Sept. Parties of up to six birds, if family groups, would suggest larger brood than that of... read more


Apparently sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Poorly known; appears to be quite common in many habitats.

Recommended citation

Brewer, D. (2019). Rufous-crowned Greenlet (Hylophilus poicilotis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 May 2019).