E. J. O. Hartert, 1901,
Bulún, Esmeraldas, Ecuador.
Plumages highly variable within relatively small sample of specimens, rendering accurate characterization of seemingly distinctive taxa problematic. Consequently, race harterti may be synonym of nominate, the two being geographically close, with no dispersal barriers between their ranges; more research needed. Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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