Family Gnateaters (Conopophagidae)

Near Threatened

Rufous-crowned Pittasoma (Pittasoma rufopileatum)


French: Pittasome à sourcils noirs German: Schwarzbrauen-Mückenfresser Spanish: Tororoí capirrufo
Other common names: Rufous-crowned Antpitta

Pittasoma rufopileatum

E. J. O. Hartert

, 1901,

Bulún, Esmeraldas, Ecuador


Plumages highly variable within relatively small sample of specimens, rendering accurate characterization of seemingly distinctive taxa problematic. Consequently, race harterti may be synonym of nominate, the two being geographically close, with no dispersal barriers between their ranges; more research needed. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. r. rosenbergi Hellmayr, 1911 – Pacific slope of Colombia in C & S Chocó.
  • P. r. harterti Chapman, 1917 – S Colombia in W Nariño (Barbacoas, Guaycana).
  • P. r. rufopileatum E. J. O. Hartert, 1901 – NW Ecuador (Esmeraldas, Pichincha).
  • Descriptive notes

    16–17·5 cm; one male 96 g, one female 97 g (rufopileatum). Adult male has rufous crown, palest laterally, contrasting broad black band from lores back... read more


    Song, given from ground or low perch, a single whistle 0·4–0·8 seconds at 2... read more


    On or near ground in shady parts of wet forest and second growth; lowlands to 1100 m.

    Food and feeding

    Diet not documented. Alone or in pairs. Hops and bounds rapidly on forest floor, then pauses, sometimes remaining motionless for long... read more


    Specimen in breeding condition in Feb in Colombia (Chocó). No other information.


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Chocó EBA. Generally rare to uncommon; reportedly common in SW... read more

    Recommended citation

    Krabbe, N.K. & Schulenberg, T.S. (2019). Rufous-crowned Pittasoma (Pittasoma rufopileatum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 May 2019).