Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)


Rufous Flycatcher (Myiarchus semirufus)


French: Tyran roux German: Rötelschopftyrann Spanish: Copetón rufo

Myiarchus semirufus

P. L. Sclater and Salvin

, 1878,

Pacasmayo, Peru


Phylogenetic analysis#R suggests that this species is either sister to all others in genus or more closely allied to Rhytipterna; in morphology and mtDNA, it is as divergent from present congeners as they are from outgroup taxa. In past, occasionally separated in monotypic Muscifur. Monotypic.


NW Peru, patchily from Tumbes S in narrow coastal zone (generally less than 50 km wide) to Ancash, formerly to N of Lima.

Descriptive notes

17–19 cm; male 21·7–24 g, female 21–25 g. Distinctive, with plumage predominantly three shades of rufous and brown with no grey or yellow. Head and... read more


Dawn song consists of alternated “huit” notes and rasping whistles with a more complex... read more


Tropical and subtropical thorny desert, xerophytic steppes and mesquite savannas; open thorn-... read more

Food and feeding

Apparently no data.


Nest with eggs found in Dec and nestlings in May; N populations may breed later than S ones. Two nests described: one an open cup lined... read more


Presumed resident.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Tumbesian Region EBA. Not considered of conservation concern until 2008. Has a relatively small range, which has contracted... read more

Recommended citation

Joseph, L. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Rufous Flycatcher (Myiarchus semirufus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).