Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Rufous-fronted Parakeet (Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons)


French: Toui à front roux German: Rotstirnsittich Spanish: Catita frentirrufa

Brotogerys [sic] ferrugineifrons


, 1880,

Bogotá, Colombia


Appears to be closest to B. orbygnesius. Monotypic.


Colombia in C Andes (S Caldas to Cauca).

Descriptive notes

18–19 cm. Rich, fairly dark green, paler on underparts and rump; area around bill rufous; bluish on outer webs of primaries. Immature undescribed.


Typical calls are short overslurred slightly nasal notes, usually given in a fast repeated series... read more


Semi-humid and humid montane scrub and elfin forest at the border with páramo and... read more

Food and feeding

Ground-feeder, particularly taking grass seeds, including possibly Calamagrostis effusa, seeds of frailejones, and flowers and... read more


Males with developed gonads in Jan. Nests reportedly found in rock cavities in cliff.


No information. Likely to wander a little outside breeding season, and has been encountered as low... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Previously listed as Endangered. CITES II. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. Habitat degradation, caused by firewood-gathering, grazing, burning... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. & Boesman, P. (2020). Rufous-fronted Parakeet (Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 April 2020).