Family New World Quails (Odontophoridae)

Least Concern

Rufous-fronted Wood-quail (Odontophorus erythrops)


French: Tocro à front roux German: Rotstirnwachtel Spanish: Corcovado frentirrojo

Odontophorus erythrops


, 1859,

Pallatanga, Ecuador


Often considered to include O. melanotis as a race, but ranges meet on Panama–Colombia border with no apparent evidence of intergradation#R. Sometimes considered conspecific with O. hyperythrus, O. melanonotus and O. speciosus. At other extreme, race parambae has been considered a distinct species, although it exhibits extensive individual variation; proposed races baliolus (R Dagua, in W Colombia) usually included in parambae#R, and canescens (Loja, in S Ecuador) in erythrops. Two subspecies normally recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. e. parambae Rothschild, 1897 – W Colombia on Pacific slope S to W Ecuador (S to W & N Guayas), and in Magdalena Valley from S Bolívar to N Caldas; possibly also E Panama.
  • O. e. erythrops Gould, 1859 – SW Ecuador (from Chimborazo S to W Loja).
  • Descriptive notes

    23–28 cm; estimated weight of male 340 g, of female 329 g. Very similar to O. melanotis. Bare ring around eye purple (male) or black (female); overall... read more


    Advertising call a far-carrying, rapidly repeated, ringing duet “chowita, chowita, chowita... read more


    Humid lowland tropical forest (including second growth) at elevations below 1600 m in Ecuador, but... read more

    Food and feeding

    No information available, but comes to grain at lodge feeder.


    Season probably Jan–May based on gonadal condition of specimens; bird on nest recorded in early Jan in S Ecuador. Probably monogamous... read more


    Presumably sedentary. One group of seven individuals observed.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: probably Safe. Very little information available; total population might number fewer than 500,000 birds; apparently... read more

    Recommended citation

    Carroll, J.P., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Rufous-fronted Wood-quail (Odontophorus erythrops). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).