Family Guans, Chachalacas, Curassows (Cracidae)

Vulnerable

Rufous-headed Chachalaca (Ortalis erythroptera)


Taxonomy

French: Ortalide à tête rousse German: Rotkopfguan Spanish: Chachalaca cabecirrufa
Taxonomy:

Ortalida erythroptera

P. L. Sclater and Salvin

, 1870,

Babahoyo and Guayaquil, western Ecuador

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Fragmented populations in W Ecuador (from Esmeraldas S to El Oro and Loja) and extreme NW Peru (Tumbes and Piura, perhaps Cajamarca); recently confirmed#R as occurring in SW Colombia (Nariño).

Descriptive notes

56–66 cm; 620–645 g. Similar to O. garrula, but tail tips rufous/chestnut and lower breast and abdomen more creamy. Iris brown, facial skin dark bluish... read more

Voice

Regularly vocalizes in early morning, sometimes from well before dawn (like other Ortalis... read more

Habitat

Dry deciduous forest and humid cloudforest, occasionally on agricultural land, in tropical coastal... read more

Food and feeding

Diet known to contain only fruit. Birds have been observed pecking leaves of cloudforest trees, and one bird had leaves in its stomach;... read more

Breeding

In NW Peru silent, and probably not breeding, during dry season (Jun–Jul); suspected to breed there around Feb, when more vocal and... read more

Movements

No information available, but presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Previously considered Near Threatened. Overall population speculated to number no more than 10,000 birds. Has suffered range contraction which appears to be... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Rufous-headed Chachalaca (Ortalis erythroptera). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53272 on 21 January 2018).