French: Bihoreau cannelle German: Rotrückenreiher Spanish: Martinete canelo
Other common names:
J. F. Gmelin
Subspecies and Distribution
N. c. crassirostris
Vigors, 1839 – Bonin Is.
N. c. manillensis
Vigors, 1831 – Philippines, Borneo, Java and Bali.
N. c. australasiae
(Vieillot, 1823) – Sulawesi, Moluccas, Lesser Sundas and Aru Is through W Papuan Is and lowland New Guinea (including Biak I) to NW Bismarck Archipelago (Ninigo Is to Admiralty Is) and Australia (except arid interior).
N. c. mandibularis
Ogilvie-Grant, 1888 – Bismarck Archipelago (except NW islands) to Solomon Is.
N. c. pelewensis
Mathews, 1926 – Palau and Caroline Is (Chuuk).
N. c. caledonicus
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – New Caledonia.
55–65 cm; 550–1014 g; wingspan 95–116 cm. Medium-sized, stocky, short- and thick-necked heron, with short, heavy, black bill. Distinctive combination of... read more
Vocalizations generally considered to be similar to those of N. nycticorax, including a... read more
Inland or coastal areas of fresh or brackish water, in areas permanently or semi-permanently... read more
Food and feeding
Diet varied and adaptable. Great variety of fish (e.g. Gambusia, Carassius), amphibians, crustaceans (shrimps and... read more
In Australia, timing depends largely on food availability related to rainfall and water conditions; can occur year-round, but mainly Oct... read more
Apparently essentially sedentary; post-breeding dispersal sometimes far-reaching, has presumably... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). In Australia, widespread and common in suitable habitat, some of which has suffered alteration due to drainage, clearing, burning,... read more
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