French: Ninoxe rousse German: Rostkauz Spanish: Nínox rojizo
Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia
Subspecies and Distribution
N. r. humeralis
(Bonaparte, 1850) – New Guinea, including Waigeo (W Papuan Is) and Aru Is.
N. r. rufa
(Gould, 1846) – NE Western Australia (Kimberleys) and N Northern Territory (Arnhem Land).
N. r. meesi
Mason & Schodde, 1980 – N Queensland in coastal and subcoastal Cape York S to about Mitchell R and Endeavour R.
N. r. queenslandica
Mathews, 1911 – coastal and subcoastal Queensland from Endeavour R S to lower Burdekin R and perhaps Rockhampton.
40–52 cm; male 1150–1300 g, female 700–1050 g; wingspan c. 115 cm. A large hawk-owl with smallish head and long tail. Indistinct blackish facial disc;... read more
Low, slowly repeated “woo-hoo” similar to that of allopatric N. ... read more
Mainly native rainforest, well-wooded savanna, monsoon woodland, gallery forest and forest edge,... read more
Food and feeding
Main prey medium-sized arboreal and terrestrial mammals such as marsupials (Antechinus, Isoodon, Trichosurus,... read more
Not well known. Lays c. Jun–Oct, tending to be earlier in warmer areas. Monogamous and territorial. Nest in debris of large hollow in... read more
Resident; perhaps some local movement in wet season.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. In Australia, population estimates range from 3000 pairs for rufa, meesi and queenslandica... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!