Family Cotingas (Cotingidae)

Least Concern

Rufous Piha (Lipaugus unirufus)


French: Piauhau roux German: Rötelkotinga Spanish: Guardabosques rojizo

Lipaugus unirufus

P. L. Sclater

, 1860,

Playa Vicente, Oaxaca, Mexico


Slight geographical variation in colour over most of range, not meriting taxonomic recognition; proposed race clarus (Panama) included in nominate. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. u. unirufus P. L. Sclater, 1860 – S Mexico (E from S Veracruz and N Oaxaca) E to N Honduras and E Nicaragua, and S to Panama and W Colombia (E to middle Magdalena Valley and S to Valle).
  • L. u. castaneotinctus (E. J. O. Hartert, 1902) – extreme SW Colombia (Cauca) to NW Ecuador (Esmeraldas).
  • Descriptive notes

    23–24 cm; 69–87 g, mean 82·1 g. Plumage is cinnamon-brown overall, slightly brighter on crown, wings and tail, somewhat paler below, especially on throat;... read more


    Utters a single loud, shrill and far-carrying “peer”; also makes two softer, less... read more


    Humid forest and mature secondary growth, occasionally adjacent more open areas; up to 1200 m.

    Food and feeding

    Fruits, and invertebrates. Fruits include, in particular, those of palms and Lauraceae. Invertebrates mainly insects, also spiders; a small... read more


    Laying in Mar–Aug in Costa Rica, probably up to two broods; on evidence of moulting dates, breeding season earlier in W Colombia and... read more


    None recorded.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Reasonably common throughout much of its range. Occurs in Alexander Skutch Private Reserve, in Costa Rica, and Darién National Park, in Panama.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Snow, D. (2020). Rufous Piha (Lipaugus unirufus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).