Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Near Threatened

Rufous-sided Pygmy-tyrant (Euscarthmus rufomarginatus)


French: Tyranneau à flancs roux German: Weißkehl-Zwergtyrann Spanish: Tiranuelo flanquirrufo

Hapalocercus rufomarginatus


, 1868,

Calção de Couro and Rio das Pedras, São Paulo, Brazil


Proposed race savannophilus (Suriname) appears inseparable from other populations. Monotypic.


Very locally in S Suriname (Sipaliwini), E & C Brazil (E Pará and Tocantins to C Bahia and S to S Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, N São Paulo and Minas Gerais), N & E Bolivia and extreme NE Paraguay (Zanja Morotí, in Concepción).

Descriptive notes

11 cm; 6 g. Has short whitish supercilium, thin eyering; uniform brown above, semi-concealed crown patch cinnamon-rufous; wings darker brown, wing-coverts tipped ochraceous (... read more


Distinctive, unmusical “tic” notes followed by a buzz, “tic, tic, tic, tiker-trrrrrk”, also a... read more


Restricted to pristine campo and campo-cerrado, and tall shrubby... read more

Food and feeding

Arthropods; also regularly small fruits. Forages in pairs, within a few centimetres of ground in grass and low shrubs, occasionally down to... read more


Not documented.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened, and previously, Vulnerable. Rare and local; more common at a couple of localities. Species was probably... read more

Recommended citation

Fitzpatrick, J. (2019). Rufous-sided Pygmy-tyrant (Euscarthmus rufomarginatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).