Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Rufous-tailed Flycatcher (Myiarchus validus)


Taxonomy

French: Tyran à queue rousse German: Rostschwanz-Schopftyrann Spanish: Copetón colirrufo
Taxonomy:

M[yiarchus]. validus

Cabanis

, 1847,

“one of the West Indian islands” = Jamaica

.

Formerly placed in a monotypic genus, Hylonax (and inadvertently in Cotingidae), largely on basis of putatively distinctive non-exaspidean tarsus; tarsal scutellation, however, variable within present genus. Phylogenetic analysis of mtDNA#R places this species firmly within current genus. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Jamaica.

Descriptive notes

24 cm; 38·6–43·2 g. Has crown smoky brown with, at most, faintly darker feather centres; face and lores slaty greyer; upperparts dull olive, contrasting... read more

Voice

Distinctive short, piercing whistled notes, “pree-ee-ee-ee-ee” like the neigh of a horse, given... read more

Habitat

Various forest types and wooded hills; also dry scrub and secondary forests. Primarily middle... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on fruits and insects; latter include cicadas (Cicadidae) and moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera). Sallies for prey from perches in... read more

Breeding

Breeds Apr–Jul; gonads small/regressed in Jul and Aug. Few reports of nests; materials include grass and leaves (no reports of... read more

Movements

Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Jamaica EBA. Fairly common. Was apparently particularly common in interior of St Ann and Trelawny Parishes in... read more

Recommended citation

Joseph, L. (2019). Rufous-tailed Flycatcher (Myiarchus validus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57512 on 20 June 2019).