Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Rufous-tailed Flycatcher (Myiarchus validus)


French: Tyran à queue rousse German: Rostschwanz-Schopftyrann Spanish: Copetón colirrufo

M[yiarchus]. validus


, 1847,

“one of the West Indian islands” = Jamaica


Formerly placed in a monotypic genus, Hylonax (and inadvertently in Cotingidae), largely on basis of putatively distinctive non-exaspidean tarsus; tarsal scutellation, however, variable within present genus. Phylogenetic analysis of mtDNA#R places this species firmly within current genus. Monotypic.



Descriptive notes

24 cm; 38·6–43·2 g. Has crown smoky brown with, at most, faintly darker feather centres; face and lores slaty greyer; upperparts dull olive, contrasting... read more


Distinctive short, piercing whistled notes, “pree-ee-ee-ee-ee” like the neigh of a horse, given... read more


Various forest types and wooded hills; also dry scrub and secondary forests. Primarily middle... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on fruits and insects; latter include cicadas (Cicadidae) and moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera). Sallies for prey from perches in... read more


Breeds Apr–Jul; gonads small/regressed in Jul and Aug. Few reports of nests; materials include grass and leaves (no reports of... read more


Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Jamaica EBA. Fairly common. Was apparently particularly common in interior of St Ann and Trelawny Parishes in... read more

Recommended citation

Joseph, L. (2020). Rufous-tailed Flycatcher (Myiarchus validus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 January 2020).