De la Llave, 1833,
Closely related to A. castaneiventris, but not, as claimed, to A. yucatanensis and A. rutila. Race handleyi has been treated as a distinct species on basis of being “considerably larger and heavier” and “slightly darker bronze-green above” (HBW), but considered disqualified by zone of morphometric intergradation with nominate in Bocas del Toro Archipelago; genetic evidence also unfavourable to species status#R, and material in USNM shows no colour difference in plumage; however, difference in size exceptional (effect size for wing length 11.1, score 4), while narrow zone of intergradation scores 2, so species status almost achieved. Validity of race fuscicaudata has been questioned, but supported by morphometric characters. Form A. bangsi is a hybrid of present species and A. rutila. Five subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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