Family Australasian Treecreepers (Climacteridae)

Least Concern

Rufous Treecreeper (Climacteris rufus)


French: Échelet roux German: Rostbauch-Baumrutscher Spanish: Corretroncos rufo

Climacteris rufa


, 1841,

Swan River, Western Australia


In past, E population (South Australia) sometimes split as race orientalis, distinct from form in SW Western Australia, but populations in intervening desert said to be intermediate in characters. Monotypic.


SW Western Australia (S from about Geraldton) E inland through Great Victoria Desert to N Eyre Peninsula, in South Australia.

Descriptive notes

16·5–18 cm; 30–33 g. Male has supercilium, cheek, ear-coverts, chin and throat rich cinnamon-rufous, thin dark grey-brown eyestripe, often grey-brown... read more


Contact call a piercingly high-pitched “tseet”, repeated at intervals of 0·5–1 second... read more


Open woodlands and mallee scrub, dominated by eucalypts such as wandoo (Eucalyptus wandoo... read more

Food and feeding

Mostly ants (Formicidae), but also other insects such as lepidopteran larvae and adults, beetles (Coleoptera), cockroaches (Blattodea),... read more


Season late Aug to early Jan; two broods per season common, three broods recorded once. Breeds co-operatively, with primary (breeding) pair... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally fairly common to common. Thought to have declined or disappeared in agricultural regions of Western Australia as a result of... read more

Recommended citation

Noske, R. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Rufous Treecreeper (Climacteris rufus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 February 2020).