French: Bruant à épaulettes German: Rostflügelammer Spanish: Chingolo alirrufo
Tucson, Arizona, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
P. c. carpalis
Coues, 1873 – extreme S USA (SC Arizona) and adjacent NW Mexico (S to C Sonora).
P. c. bangsi
(R. T. Moore, 1932) – NW Mexico (NC Sonora S to N Sinaloa).
P. c. cohaerens
(R. T. Moore, 1946) – N & C Sinaloa.
13·5–14·5 cm; 12·6–17·5 g. A small, rather slim sparrow. Nominate race has crown and nape rufous, grey median crownstripe, broad grey supercilium, grey side of head with... read more
Song a plaintive rapid series of whistled notes, often with 1–3 introductory notes, e.g. “chip burr... read more
Desert scrub (Arizona and Sonora) and tropical thorn-scrub (Sinaloa), with mixed bunchgrass, and in... read more
Food and feeding
Diet consists of grass and weed seeds, and arthropods. In winter, mostly seeds (e.g. of Aristida, Panicum, Paspalum... read more
Breeds generally during summer, Jun to early Oct, depending on rains, beginning usually after a day of monsoon rainfall exceeding 14 mm,... read more
Resident; some short-distance movements may occur when food limited. After very wet years, where... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Classified as “Rare” in the USA (Yellow WatchList priority species for conservation). Often common or very common in appropriate habitat. Global... read more
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