Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Least Concern

Russet-crowned Crake (Rufirallus viridis)


French: Râle kiolo German: Indioralle Spanish: Polluela coronirrufa

Rallus viridis

Statius Müller

, 1776,

Cayenne, French Guiana


Sometimes placed in genus Laterallus, which it resembles in voice. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • R. v. brunnescens (Todd, 1932) – NC Colombia (lower Cauca Valley E to middle Magdalena Valley).
  • R. v. viridis (Statius Müller, 1776) – E Colombia, S Venezuela, through the Guianas and Brazil, SW to SE Ecuador (Zumba)#R, E Peru, N & E Bolivia#R and E Paraguay#R.
  • Descriptive notes

    16–18 cm; male 55–63 g, female 69–73 g. Smallest Anurolimnas, with relatively long tail. Sexes alike. Distinguished from R. castaneiceps... read more


    Loose, churring rattle, similar to calls of Laterallus melanophaius and L. albigularis... read more


    Dense thickets of secondary growth saplings at forest edge, thickly overgrown wasteland, damp... read more

    Food and feeding

    Very little information available. Insects, including ants, and grass seeds. Forages within cover.


    Breeds Jan–Jun. Nest a ball of dead grass with a side entrance, sometimes with a ladder-like entrance ramp, hidden c. 1m up in... read more


    None recorded.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Seldom seen because of skulking habits, but calls frequently; race viridis is thought to be common over much of its... read more

    Recommended citation

    Taylor, B. (2019). Russet-crowned Crake (Rufirallus viridis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 December 2019).