Chanchamayo Valley, Peru.
Has in the past been considered conspecific with both M. conspicillata and M. cinereicollis, latter being possibly partly sympatric with present species, but separated altitudinally. Races form two groups, the “white-bellied group” (castaneiceps and chapmani) and “yellow-bellied group” (all other races), suggested to be two separate species. However, yellow-bellied group “leapfrogs” white-bellied group; moreover, white-bellied group has song similar to adjacent subspecies, although songs at N and S of range are rather different from those in centre while remaining similar to each other#R (hence difference noted in southernmost notia#R). Deep-rooted genetic divergence reported between races elata and coronata (both from the white-bellied group)#R. Eight subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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