French: Bruant rustique German: Waldammer Spanish: Escribano rústico
Dauria = Transbaikalia
Subspecies and Distribution
E. r. rustica
Pallas, 1776 – C & N Fennoscandia E to EC Siberia (L Baikal); winters in E Asia.
E. r. latifascia
Portenko, 1930 – E Siberia from L Baikal E to Anadyrland and Kamchatka, S to R Amur mouth and N Sakhalin, possibly also in Greater Khingan Mts (NE China); winters in E Asia.
13–14·5 cm; 15·5–24·3 g. Medium-sized bunting with indication of crest (erectile), and longish bill with straight culmen. Male nominate race... read more
Song, usually from top of tree, consists of some melodious notes reminiscent of those of e.g.... read more
Breeds in swampy lowland spruce (Picea) or pine (Pinus) forest with some birches... read more
Food and feeding
Diet during breeding season mostly seeds and invertebrates associated with swampy areas, e.g. damselflies and dragonflies (Odonata),... read more
Season starts May or early Jun, e.g. in Finland average date of first egg 6th Jun, in Kamchatka nest-building through Jun; usually one... read more
Migratory. Winters mainly in Japan from S Hokkaido S to Kyushu (rarely farther S), Korea, and E... read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. Common and widespread; locally abundant. Estimated European population (including European Russia) 681,000–831,000 pairs in 2015, signifiantly lower than... read more
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