Family Old World Buntings (Emberizidae)


Rustic Bunting (Emberiza rustica)


French: Bruant rustique German: Waldammer Spanish: Escribano rústico

Emberiza rustica


, 1776,

Dauria = Transbaikalia


Sometimes placed in genus Schoeniclus or, in the past, in Ocyris. Geographical variation weakly defined; species sometimes treated as monotypic. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. r. rustica Pallas, 1776 – C & N Fennoscandia E to EC Siberia (L Baikal); winters in E Asia.
  • E. r. latifascia Portenko, 1930 – E Siberia from L Baikal E to Anadyrland and Kamchatka, S to R Amur mouth and N Sakhalin, possibly also in Greater Khingan Mts (NE China); winters in E Asia.
  • Descriptive notes

    13–14·5 cm; 15·5–24·3 g. Medium-sized bunting with indication of crest (erectile), and longish bill with straight culmen. Male nominate race... read more


    Song, usually from top of tree, consists of some melodious notes reminiscent of those of e.g.... read more


    Breeds in swampy lowland spruce (Picea) or pine (Pinus) forest with some birches... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet during breeding season mostly seeds and invertebrates associated with swampy areas, e.g. damselflies and dragonflies (Odonata),... read more


    Season starts May or early Jun, e.g. in Finland average date of first egg 6th Jun, in Kamchatka nest-building through Jun; usually one... read more


    Migratory. Winters mainly in Japan from S Hokkaido S to Kyushu (rarely farther S), Korea, and E... read more

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Common and widespread; locally abundant. Estimated European population (including European Russia) 681,000–831,000 pairs in 2015, signifiantly lower than... read more

    Recommended citation

    Copete, J.L., Garcia, E.F.J. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Rustic Bunting (Emberiza rustica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2020).