Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Near Threatened

Rusty-barred Owl (Strix hylophila)


French: Chouette dryade German: Brasilkauz Spanish: Cárabo brasileño

Strix hylophila


, 1825,

Ypanema, São Paulo, Brazil


Thought probably most closely related to S. chacoensis and S. rufipes, all having vocalizations very different from those of other Strix, and possibly generically distinct. Monotypic.


E & S Paraguay, SE Brazil (S Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul) and extreme NE Argentina (Misiones).

Descriptive notes

35–36 cm; male 249–340 g, female 276–395 g. Facial disc light rusty-brown with broad concentric brown rings and small white eyebrows; upperparts barred with... read more


Song, given by both sexes, frog-like deep grunting “grugruu-grugruugrugru”, first part... read more


Montane and tropical lowland evergreen forest, and temperate forest, usually with dense undergrowth... read more

Food and feeding

Poorly studied. Small mammals, birds and insects; probably also reptiles and amphibians. Forty-six prey items identified in pellets from... read more


Season uncertain; possibly Aug–Oct in S, but said also to lay Dec-mid Mar. Nest a hole in tree. Clutch size 2–3 eggs;... read more


Probably resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Generally rare; locally fairly common, e.g. in NE Argentina (Misiones). No estimates of global... read more

Recommended citation

Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Marks, J.S. (2020). Rusty-barred Owl (Strix hylophila). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 January 2020).