Malhada, Rio São Francisco, western Bahia, Brazil.
Closely related to N. sclateri and N. brunnea. Taxonomy uncertain and confused: listed races may involve more than one species; moreover, some of listed races probably comprise more than one taxon (e.g. nominate race in E Brazil has plumage soft and silky, in SE of range plumage loosely webbed, in both cases numerous tonal differences from “typical” nominate); also, validity of some recognized races possibly doubtful; extensive revision needed. Seven subspecies tentatively recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!