Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Rusty-collared Seedeater (Sporophila collaris)


French: Sporophile à col fauve German: Erzspelzer Spanish: Semillero acollarado

Loxia collaris


, 1783,

Angola; error = Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Geographical variation striking but possibly partly clinal; in E of range nominate race may form a cline with melanocephala, plumage becoming more colourful from N to S#R; further study needed. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. c. ochrascens Hellmayr, 1904 – Bolivia (lowland La Paz, Beni and Santa Cruz) and SC Brazil (N Mato Grosso S to W São Paulo).
  • S. c. melanocephala (Vieillot, 1817) – SW Mato Grosso S through Paraguay to Argentina (S to La Rioja, Santiago del Estero, Córdoba and C Buenos Aires), also SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) and Uruguay.
  • S. c. collaris (Boddaert, 1783) – E Brazil from extreme SE Pará, SW Tocantins, Goiás, Minas Gerais and extreme SE Bahia S to Rio de Janeiro.
  • Descriptive notes

    12 cm; 7·5–14 g. A comparatively large and strikingly marked seed­eater with relatively long and broad tail; typical short, thick bill with rounded culmen.... read more


    Song a rapid warble that ascends and descends, mixed with twittering sounds and often incorporating... read more


    Moist or flooded grassland and shrubby marshland, also open country adjacent to rivers or lakes;... read more

    Food and feeding

    Seeds; also eats insects. Forages largely on grass seeds while seeds still on stem; rarely drops to ground to forage, tending instead to... read more


    Season early Nov to Apr in Argentina (Formosa) and birds in breeding condition during Nov–Mar and inactive during May in SE Brazil (Rio... read more


    Resident; some local movements.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common in varied open marshy or wet-grassland habitats. Commonly captured for the cagebird trade.

    Recommended citation

    Jaramillo, A. (2020). Rusty-collared Seedeater (Sporophila collaris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).