Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Rusty-faced Parrot (Hapalopsittaca amazonina)


French: Caïque à face rousse German: Zwergamazone Spanish: Lorito amazonino

Psittacus amazoninus

Des Murs

, 1845,

Bogotá, Colombia


Forms a species-group with H. fuertesi and H. pyrrhops, and all three have commonly been considered conspecific. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. a. velezi G. R. Graves & Uribe Restrepo, 1989 – W & C Andes of Colombia (Antioquia#R, Caldas to Huila); probably this race recorded in extreme N Ecuador#R.
  • H. a. amazonina (Des Murs, 1845) – E Andes of Colombia (Norte de Santander to Cundinamarca) and extreme W Venezuela (Páramo de Tamá).
  • H. a. theresae (Hellmayr, 1915) – NW Venezuela (C Trujillo to N Táchira).
  • Descriptive notes

    23 cm; 97–115 g. Forehead and crown dull orange-red, lores yellow, extending below eye, base of lower mandible to chin orange-red, ear-coverts brownish red with yellow... read more


    Flight call is a repeated strident and loud “creek!”. When perched, also utters similar piercing... read more


    Very wet cloud forest at 2500–3000 m, occasionally as low as 2000 m; race velezi... read more

    Food and feeding

    Seeds and fruit, including those of Clusia and mistletoes.


    No information, except that adult male type of velezi, taken in Jul, was not breeding.


    None recorded other than small vertical displacements.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Formerly listed as Endangered. CITES II. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. Generally rare throughout its range; the only site at which it was... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Boesman, P. (2020). Rusty-faced Parrot (Hapalopsittaca amazonina). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 April 2020).