Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Rusty Imperial-pigeon (Ducula obiensis)


French: Carpophage d’Obi German: Rostkopf-Fruchttaube Spanish: Dúcula de la Obi

Carpophaga obiensis

E. J. O. Hartert

, 1898,



Hitherto considered conspecific with D. basilica, but differs in its grey-pink vs pinkish-white breast (2); darker rusty belly to vent (subscore 1), this colour extending onto underwing-coverts, which are black in basilica (subscore 2) (total score 3); pinkish-rufous vs grey-pink hindcrown, nape and upper neck-sides, the colour extending farther down onto mantle (in some specimens at least; others unclear) (2). Also closely related to D. rufigaster and D. finschii, and all four sometimes considered conspecific. Monotypic.


Obi, in C Moluccas.

Descriptive notes

c. 36–42 cm. Similar to formerly conspecific D. basilica (see Taxonomy comments) but darker vinous on head, neck and breast, grading into bright rusty-rufous... read more


No definite differences from D. basilica: song usually comprises a series of 1–2 (less... read more


Occurs from 150 m to 1210 m in primary and selectively logged forest, as well as in degraded... read more

Food and feeding

No dietary information available. Readily associates with D. perspicillata when feeding, forming groups of 3–6 individuals.


Nothing known.


None known, but presumably resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Population size unknown, but considered to be stable; the species is reportedly fairly common and a survey in 2010 found no evidence... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Rusty Imperial-pigeon (Ducula obiensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 December 2019).