French: Tyran de Cayenne German: Rostschwingen-Maskentyrann Spanish: Bienteveo alicastaño
Subspecies and Distribution
M. c. hellmayri
E. J. O. Hartert & Goodson, 1917 – extreme S Costa Rica#R, SW & E Panama (Chiriquí and S Veraguas, E from Canal Zone), tropical N & W Colombia (W of E Andes), W Venezuela (Maracaibo Basin, and W slope of Andes from W Lara S to Táchira) and W Ecuador (S to El Oro and W Loja).
M. c. rufipennis
Lawrence, 1869 – N Venezuela (N of R Orinoco), E Colombia E of E Andes (Norte de Santander S to W Caquetá and Vaupés) and E Ecuador.
M. c. cayanensis
(Linnaeus, 1766) – S Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro), the Guianas, N & C Brazil (R Negro E to Maranhão and Piauí, S to E Acre, Rondônia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás and W Minas Gerais), SE Peru (Madre de Dios) and N Bolivia (S to Cochabamba and N Santa Cruz); recently recorded, probably this race, in extreme E Paraguay#R.
M. c. erythropterus
(Lafresnaye, 1853) – SE Brazil (S & E Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro).
16·5–18 cm; 22–29·5 g. Nominate race has head mostly dark sooty or blackish brown, large bright yellow to golden-orange coronal patch (mostly... read more
Most common call a thin, whining, almost plaintive “peeeeeeeea” or “wheeeeee... read more
Shrubby areas and clearings, semi-open areas, cultivation, other disturbed habitat retaining some... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, also fruits. Usually in pairs or small sociable groups; generally more retiring and less vocal than M. similis. Perches... read more
Breeding recorded in Mar–Aug in Venezuela (Hato Masaguaral, in Guárico); laying in Mar–Apr in Panama; in Colombia,... read more
Not well known; numbers appear to fluctuate seasonally S of Orinoco, but not clear whether... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common. Usually less numerous than with M. similis in areas where the two are sympatric. Tolerant of converted habitats,... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!