Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Rusty-margined Flycatcher (Myiozetetes cayanensis)


French: Tyran de Cayenne German: Rostschwingen-Maskentyrann Spanish: Bienteveo alicastaño

[Muscicapa] cayanensis


, 1766,



Molecular data indicate strong support for a clade consisting of present species and M. similis as sister-group to one formed by M. granadensis and M. luteiventris. Races require closer scrutiny; birds from E Panama described as race harterti, on basis of smaller size, but inseparable from hellmayri. Four subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. c. hellmayri E. J. O. Hartert & Goodson, 1917 – extreme S Costa Rica#R, SW & E Panama (Chiriquí and S Veraguas, E from Canal Zone), tropical N & W Colombia (W of E Andes), W Venezuela (Maracaibo Basin, and W slope of Andes from W Lara S to Táchira) and W Ecuador (S to El Oro and W Loja).
  • M. c. rufipennis Lawrence, 1869 – N Venezuela (N of R Orinoco), E Colombia E of E Andes (Norte de Santander S to W Caquetá and Vaupés) and E Ecuador.
  • M. c. cayanensis (Linnaeus, 1766) – S Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro), the Guianas, N & C Brazil (R Negro E to Maranhão and Piauí, S to E Acre, Rondônia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás and W Minas Gerais), SE Peru (Madre de Dios) and N Bolivia (S to Cochabamba and N Santa Cruz); recently recorded, probably this race, in extreme E Paraguay#R.
  • M. c. erythropterus (Lafresnaye, 1853) – SE Brazil (S & E Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro).
  • Descriptive notes

    16·5–18 cm; 22–29·5 g. Nominate race has head mostly dark sooty or ­blackish brown, large bright yellow to golden-orange coronal patch (mostly... read more


    Most common call a thin, whining, almost plaintive “peeeeeeeea” or “wheeeeee... read more


    Shrubby areas and clearings, semi-open areas, cultivation, other disturbed habitat retaining some... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects, also fruits. Usually in pairs or small sociable groups; generally more retiring and less vocal than M. similis. Perches... read more


    Breeding recorded in Mar–Aug in Venezuela (Hato Masaguaral, in Guárico); laying in Mar–Apr in Panama; in Colombia,... read more


    Not well known; numbers appear to fluctuate seasonally S of Orinoco, but not clear whether... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common. Usually less numerous than with M. similis in areas where the two are sympatric. Tolerant of converted habitats,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Mobley, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Rusty-margined Flycatcher (Myiozetetes cayanensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 30 March 2020).