Family Tinamous (Tinamidae)

Least Concern

Rusty Tinamou (Crypturellus brevirostris)


French: Tinamou rubigineux German: Rosttinamu Spanish: Tinamú herrumbroso

Tinamus brevirostris


, 1863,

Manaus, Brazil


Very similar to C. bartletti, and may be conspecific; fieldwork required to clarify the taxonomic status of these two. Identity of birds from Juruá–Madeira interfluvium likewise requires further investigation; may represent a new taxon within this group#R. Monotypic.


NW Brazil and extreme SE Colombia; also S Guyana, French Guiana and extreme NE Brazil (Amapá).

Descriptive notes

25–28 cm. Has plain or dark-barred barred ferruginous to dusky-chestnut cap, chestnut-brown on face and side of head becoming rufous on neck and mantle, and contrasting... read more


Song in the Guianas is a series of 10-15 pure whistles (c. 2kHz), typically starting well spaced... read more


Dense humid tropical forest; found typically in várzea, but only recorded from ... read more

Food and feeding

Recorded picking up seeds and invertebrates from the forest floor, rummaging in the litter with the beak.


No information available.


Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Little known, but apparently not at risk. Known range disjunct, with records from upper Amazonian NW Brazil and the Guianas, but... read more

Recommended citation

Cabot, J., Christie, D.A., Jutglar, F., Sharpe, C.J. & Boesman, P. (2020). Rusty Tinamou (Crypturellus brevirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 April 2020).